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Grammodes Guenée

Type species: geometrica Fabricius.

Synonym: Prodotis John (type species stolida Fabricius, India).

This genus, the last in the sequence for the Achaea / Parallelia complex, contains a typical group of species that ranges throughout the Old World tropics and subtropics and a small Australasian group with larvae only known to feed on Euphorbiaceae and possibly not closely related to the typical group (Holloway & Miller, 2003). The description here is restricted to the latter.

The forewings have a black triangle divided by a medial white bar and separated from the costa by a greyish strip as illustrated. The male genitalia have a superuncus as in
Achaea, but also a lateral process on the right side of the tegumen. The valves have bilateral asymmetry, with the costal and saccular processes joined across the base, tripartite, but with reduction of these on the right side, rather than on the left as in Buzara. The aedeagus vesica has a corkscrew-like cornutus that is matched by a similar twisted sclerotisation in the female that leads to the ductus seminalis. In the female, the plate of the lamella antevaginalis is rather square, the ductus relatively short, and the bursa has a spiny zone near the corkscrew sclerotisation.

The host plant range for the typical group is very wide, from 14 families, but with no particular concentration in the Euphorbiaceae. However, the type species may be locally restricted to this family as discussed below.

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