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Lacera noctilio Fabricius
Noctua noctilio Fabricius, 1794, Ent. Syst. III, 2: 12.
Lacera capella Guenée, 1852, Hist. Nat. Insectes, Spec. gén. Lépid. 7: 337.

Lacera noctilio

Diagnosis. This species is distinguished from the other two Bornean species by its broader forewings with a large reniform that is distinctly paler.

Geographical range. Indo-Australian tropics east to Samoa, New Caledonia and Tonga, also the Marianas and western Carolines.

Habitat preference. Only one Bornean specimen has been seen, from an area of disturbed lowland forest at Tamparuli in Sabah.

Biology. Various descriptions of larvae of L. alope from the Indian Subregion (e.g. Moore, 1884-1887; Semper, 1896-1902; Gardner, 1947) probably apply to noctilio, as do their host plants, though Robinson et al. (2001) still listed some under alope.

The prolegs on both A3 and A4 are very small (as distinct for the situation in uniformis Holloway; see below), and there are strong, tapering subdorsal tubercles on A8. Moore illustrated a slender green larva, but Gardner referred to spiritpreserved material with stippling of black or brown that tended to form lines or bands. Semper illustrated a green larva with longitudinal striae.

The host plants listed by Robinson
et al. for both alope and noctilio, and excluding those from Bell’s account (see uniformis below), are mostly from Caesalpinia (Leguminosae), but also include Pisonia (Nyctaginaceae) and Canthium (Rubiaceae). These non-leguminous records, reproduced by Barlow (1982), are derived from a review of the old literature by Sevastopulo (1941b); the records originated from Thwaites in Moore (1884-1887). Semper (1896-1902) recorded his larva from Callicarpa (Verbenaceae).

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