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Hulodes donata Schultze stat. rev.
Hypopyra donata Schultze, 1907, Philipp. J. Sci., 2: 364-367.
Hylodes divisa Aurivillius, 1920, Ark. Zool., 13 (2): 24, syn. n.
Hulodes hilaris Prout, 1921, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9), 8: 27, syn. n.
Hulodes drylla Guenée sensu Holloway, 1976: 33.

Hulodes donata

. The species is smaller than caranea, pale buff, but with similar submarginal markings to the female of caranea. A dark brown fascia converges with the forewing submarginal at the apex, arising from the centre of the dorsum. The hindwing margin is angled centrally rather than notched. Males are more strongly marked than females.

Taxonomic note. Characters of the male genitalia indicate that H. drylla (India to Burma) and this species are best treated as distinct until their distributions in Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia are investigated in detail. Externally, the oblique forewing fasciation in drylla is more lunulate and irregular than in donata, where it is almost straight. In the genitalia, the uncus of drylla is slightly shorter, including the tapering apical portion beyond the dome. The valves of drylla have the lateral triangle smaller and the apex is divided, with a narrow, tapering process adjacent to the rounded apical part. The saccus is shorter and broader in drylla, also the aedeagus and the diverticula of its vesica. The synonymy of hilaris with divisa is noted in Nielsen et al. (1996), and the male genitalia of specimens from Singapore and New Guinea have been compared here to bring both into synonymy with donata.

The Indian
H. saturnioides Guenée stat. rev. (= restorans Walker) is revived from synonymy with drylla. It has a rounded, rather than angled, hindwing margin and a slightly falcate forewing apex. The male genitalia are very much smaller than those of drylla, the valve costa strongly curved and its ventral margin lacking an angle. The aedeagus and the longest diverticulum of its vesica are both shorter and broader.

Geographical range. Indian Subregion, Burma, Thailand, Sundaland, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Australia.

Habitat preference. Records have been made over a wide altitude range as in caranea, but only to as high as 1618m.

Biology. Mathur (1942) recorded Xylia (Leguminosae) as a larval host plant in India. The adult is known pierce fruit in Thailand (Bänziger, 1982; Kuroko & Lewvanich, 1993).

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