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Lophoptera purpurascens Bethune-Baker comb. n. occidentalis ssp. n.  
Sadarsa purpurascens
Bethune-Baker, 1906, Novit. zool. 13: 235.

Lophoptera purpurascens occidentalis

14-16mm. The forewing facies is much as in the typical race except the paler brown apical areas of the forewing are not lighter fawn in the medial zone. The rest of the forewing is dark purplish grey with darker double fasciae: a sinuous, oblique antemedial and a more angled, more transverse postmedial, both more intense at the dorsum. In the male genitalia the apex of the juxtal process is bilobed rather than single, the apex of the ventral process of the valve is only half as wide as in the typical race, and both apical spines of the broad, sclerotised dorsal process are upcurved. No females were available for study.

Holotype SARAWAK: Gunong Mulu Nat. Park, R.G.S. Exped. 1977-8 (J.D. Holloway et al.) Site 2, January, Mulu, 1 790m, 452463, [upper] montane (moss) forest, BM noctuid slide 11350.

Paratypes. 6 SARAWAK, general data as holotype, various localities, BM noctuid slide 11352.

Taxonomic notes. Specimens from New Guinea (type locality), the Bismarcks and Solomons were found to vary in the shape of the dorsal process of the male valve and the shape of the juxtal process but all females had similar genitalia and are therefore referred to the typical race: the ostium is set in a deep pocket at the distal, slightly bilobed margin of the 7th sternite; the pocket contains a pair of adjacent, elongate, apically acute lobes ventrally, and two broader, shorter, finely setose, lobes above them (Fig. 272).

In Sulawesi there flies a third subspecies, here described as L. purpurascens bifurca ssp. n. The external appearance is as in the typical race but in the male genitalia (Fig. 231) the juxtal process is bilobed as in occidentalis, and the dorsal process of the valves is more slender, bifurcate, and the uncus is more robust. In the female genitalia (Fig. 273) the pocket and processes surrounding the ostium are larger and more complex, the processes consisting of a single, ventral, elongate-ovate plate, two lateral, longer, sabre-like processes and a tridentate dorsal process, shorter than the ventral process and with the central prong half the length of the two lateral ones. Holotype  G. Tompoe, Paloe, W. CELEBES, 2700ft, Feb 1937 (J.P.A. Kalis) BM noctuid slide 11359. Paratypes: 1 E. CELEBES, Ulu Kolaka, 500m, v-vi.1939 (Kalis) slide 11349; 1 CELEBES, Minahassa, Tomohon, vii. 1954 (A.H.G. Alston).

Members of the complex also fly in Sumatra and will be investigated by Dr L.W.R. Kobes.

Geographical range. New Guinea, Bismarcks, Solomons; Sulawesi; Borneo, ?Sumatra, ?Peninsular Malaysia (specimen in collection of Mr H.S. Barlow, not dissected).

Habitat preference. The paratypic material was from upper montane forest on G. Mulu, hill dipterocarp forest at 500m on the lower slopes, a sample made on a limestone outcrop overlooking alluvial forest at Long Pala, and in forest at 250m on the lower slopes of G. Api.

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