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Targalla subocellata Walker sp. rev. & comb. n.
Eutelia subocellata
Walker, [18631 1864, J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 7: 67.
Phlegetonia delatrix Guene; Holloway, 1976: 17 (part).

Targalla subocellata

This species is significantly larger than palliatrix and has a more distinctly marked forewing; the dark zone at the reniform is usually most pronounced and the pale medial band is tinged yellow or orange. In the male genitalia the valve is more elongate than in other species, the apex with a central roundedly triangular lobe between two lateral angles; the aedeagus vesica contains several blunt cornuti and a spined band of sclerotisation. The female genitalia have the base of the ductus symmetrical, though less finely tapered than in delatrix; the basal part of the bursa is squarish, sclerotised, with a lateral zone of sclerotisation where the spines are much larger at each extremity; there is a further zone of coarser scobination more distally in the bursa.

Taxonomic note. Specimens from Australia, New Guinea, the southern Moluccas and Sulawesi are much greyer in the forewing, the zone from the medial to the postmedial being a pale ashy grey with no tinge of orange. These specimens can be referred to T. subocellata pantarcha Turner stat. & comb. n. A male from Taiwan (slide 11059) with shorter, broader valves and single cornuti only in the vesica may represent a further race of subocellata.

Geographical range. ?Taiwan; N.E. Himalaya, Sundaland, Philippines; Sulawesi, S. Moluccas, New Guinea, Queensland.

Habitat preference. There were single specimens taken on the Kinabalu transect at 1930m and 2600m. The species was found infrequently in upper montane forest in the Mulu survey on both G. Api and G. Mulu. Collecting in Brunei has produced further material from upper montane forest on Bukit Retak and Bukit Pagon, but also two specimens from lowland rainforest at Labi. The species would appear to favour montane habitats more than its congeners.

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