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Targalla palliatrix Guenée sp. rev. & comb. n.  
Penicillaria palliatrix Guenée, 1852, Hist. nat. Insectes, Spec. gen. Lepid. 6: 305.
Targalla infida Walker [1858] 1857, List specimens lepid. Insects Colln. Br. Mus. 13: 1008, 
        syn. n.

Eutelia opposita Walker [1863] 1864, J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool. 7: 67, syn. n.
Phlegetonia delatrix Guenée; Holloway, 1976: 17 (part).

Targalla palliatrix

The forewing ground colour is grey, never with the pale medial band tinged orange as in the next species. The fine fasciation of both wings below is intermediate in intensity (faint in delatrix, strong in subocellata). In the male genitalia the apices of the valves are asymmetric, both with an exterior spur but that on the right smaller with the apical lobe folded, excavate; there are three moderate cornuti in the aedeagus vesica and additional zones of scobination. In the female genitalia the sclerotised part of the ductus is asymmetric with a lobe on the left side; the zone where the ductus broadens into the bursa is invested with dense scobination of slender spines; the base of the bursa is square, sclerotised, not whorled; there are three patches of scobination in the bursa, the most basal consisting of very much coarser spining.

Taxonomic notes. Two further species, rather similar to palliatrix, occur in the Indian subregion and the three are allopatric. T. ludatrix Walker comb. n. occurs in Sri Lanka. The valves are symmetrical, broad, square with rounded corners at the apex, with a smaller lateral rounded lobe homologous with the spur of palliatrix (Fig. 65); the vesica cornuti are fewer, curved. The female genitalia have an asymmetrical ductus as in palliatrix but the longer lateral lobe is on the right, not left; the basal scobination of the bursa is less dense with coarser spines (Fig. 73). The second species is new, described in the next paragraph.

Targalla sugii
sp. n. is the same size as palliatrix with similar facies, though generally a darker brown-grey. The genitalia of both sexes are distinctive however: the male has the valves apically bifid (Fig. 68); the female has a symmetrical ductus as in subocellata, coarse scobination very basally in the bursa and a more distal patch (Fig. 70). Holotype  [INDIA] Cherrapunji, Nov. 1893, BM noctuid slide 11178. Paratypes: l (slide 11185), 1 (slide 11186) SIKHIM vii 1909 (F. Moller), 1910-140.

Geographical range.
Taiwan, Sundaland eastwards to Fiji and Samoa; the female genitalia illustrated by Clarke (1971) are palliatrix so the species may occur on Rapa I., though both males seen were delatrix and no female material has been located. The illustration of a Japanese specimen (Inoue et al., 1982) may also be of this species.

Habitat preference. Specimens from the Kinabalu survey (Holloway 1976) attributable to palliatrix were from 1200m and 1930m. In the Mulu survey a single specimen was taken in lower montane forest (900m) on the limestone G. Api. In Brunei the species has been taken rarely in lowland localities, both in dipterocarp and heath forest, and four specimens were taken in upper montane forest on Bukit Retak.

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