SUBFAMILY HADENINAE
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Ancara Walker

Type species: replicans Walker.

Synonym: Ancaroides Bethune-Baker (type species kebea, Bethune-Baker).

The species of Ancara are large, the males with strongly bipectinate antennae, those of the female weakly so. The forewing pattern is somewhat similar to that of Paradiopa and Stenopterygia species but the reniform stigma of the forewing is, in most of the species, considerably enlarged.

In the male abdomen trifine hair pencils are not present. The eighth sternite has a basal transverse band of setae, almost a corema, or a double corema, supported by lateral rods. The valve is simple, straplike, narrow, long, with a corona. There is a simple harpe on the sacculus. The ventral part of the peniculus is strongly setose, the tegumen on each side broad. The aedeagus vesica is short, globose, with a large distal sclerotisation.

In the female genitalia the eighth segment is a simple ring of sclerotisation, broken by the ostium which opens as a lightly sclerotised, scobinate pouch. The ductus is unsclerotised, fluted, broader distally, entering the elongate bursa subbasally, the portion of the bursa at and basal to the opening being more folded and strongly scobinate.

There is an assemblage of three New Guinea species (olivescens Bethune-Baker, kebea Bethune-Baker, griseola Bethune-Baker) with the basal half of the hindwing yellow.

The Himalayan species viridipicta Hampson, recorded from Borneo, lacks the generic features just described and is best placed in association with quadrifine genera as discussed (see Acronictinae).

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