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Maxates Moore

Type species: coelataria Walker.

Synonyms: Gelasma Warren (type species thetydaria Guenée) syn. n.; Thalerura Warren (type species prasina Warren, Bhutan) syn. n.

This synonymy brings together taxa with similar strong hindwing tailing, and a distinctive feature of the male genitalia; a prominent flap arising subapically from the ventral margin of the valve just distal to the processes from
the sacculus. The valve costa is sometimes obtusely angled, and the aforementioned flap is sometimes apically bifid.

The male antennae are strongly bipectinate, the pectinations tapering away at, about three-quarters, mostly of the rather 'untidy' Hemitheiti type, though relatively neat and uniform in M. thetydaria. The postmedials are strongly crenulate, usually paler than the ground or white and more regular, broken than in Hemithea. The margins are sometimes delineated with red. The discal marks are often lunulate, variably darker green than the ground. The wing shape, particularly the strength of the hindwing tail, the markings and the size of species in the genus are diverse. Typical Maxates have broad buff or cream zones on the forewing costa and distal to the postmedials.

In the male abdomen there is usually a pair of setal patches on the third sternite but the development of this and its separation is variable: sometimes it is absent. The eighth sternite is similarly variable, form unmodified to cleft or spinous. The ventral flap of the valve is the only relatively constant feature in a range of variability of shape and saccular ornamentation. The uncus, socii, vinculum and coremata are typical of the Hemitheiti.

The females have ovipositor lobes of the modified type and a bicornute signum. Ductus, bursa, and sometimes the sterigma are usually unmodified, thought the ostium is often broad, funnel-like.

The genus is diverse in the Oriental tropics (about 20 species in Borneo), extending more weakly into Australasia and temperate latitudes. There are a few African species. Inoue (1989) reviewed the fauna of Taiwan. Host records are from trees in a very wide range of plant families, including Anacardiaceae, Celastraceae, Combretaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Myrtaceae and Rosaceae (Browne, 1968; Singh, 1953; Nakajima & Sato, 1979;
McFarland, 1979; Bigger, 1988).

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