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Garella scoparioides Walker comb. n.
Corticata scoparioides Walker, [1863]1864, J. Linn. Soc. (Zool.), 7: 53.
rufipuncta Hampson, 1896, Fauna Br. India, Moths, 4: 527, syn. n.
Characoma excurvata Prout, 1922, Bull. Hill Mus. Witley, 1: 212, syn. n.


Garella scoparioides

This is a small, rather brownish grey species with a somewhat punctate postmedial and a distinctly paler longitudinal zone subcostally. Confusion with G.
nilotica Rogenhofer comb. n. is most likely where the two species overlap (Africa and possibly Indian Subregion). In nilotica the colour is a darker grey without brown, and there is a common variant with a darker basal zone to the forewing. In nilotica the uncus is shorter, more strongly bulbous and bilobed apically, and lacking the flanking setose pads.

Taxonomic note. The Indian taxon rufipuncta Hampson has been placed as a synonym of
G. rotundipennis Walker (see below) in the past (e.g. in Poole, 1989) but is referable to scoparioides. G. rotundipennis rotundimacula Gaede (ex Strand) may be referable to nilotica.

Geographical range. Probably Old World tropics; ranges from Indian Subregion east to Queensland, Fiji and Samoa. It is likely that records of nilotica from Indonesia eastwards (e.g. Robinson, 1975) are of this species.

Habitat preference. The species is infrequent. It has been taken (three specimens) in dry heath forest in the lowlands of Brunei and montane forest between 900m and 1790m (five out of six specimens on the limestone G. Api during the Mulu survey).

Biology. Given the confusion over the taxonomy of this species, it is unclear whether the host records of Mathur (1942) for rotundipennis are referable to this species or nilotica; they are unlikely to relate to true rotundipennis, discussed below. The larva was described as finely mottled brown and dull yellow with black head and legs. Pupation is in a closely woven silk cocoon constructed in a leaf fold.

The host plants recorded were Terminalia (Combretaceae), Erythrina (Leguminosae) and Helicteres (Sterculiaceae).

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