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Manoba brunellus Hampson comb. n.
brunellus Hampson, 1893, Illust. typical Specimens lepid. Heterocera Colln Br. Mus., 9: 89.
Nola achromia Hampson, 1909, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8), 4: 352, syn. n.
Celamoides corticella van Eecke, 1926: 39, syn. n.
Meganola pseudohypena Inoue, 1982, Moths of Japan, 1: 667.


Manoba brunellus

The forewings are a more uniform brownish grey than in other species and grade darker towards the margin. The most conspicuous markings are the rather straight, strongly oblique, punctate postmedial that has a narrow darker shade just basal to it. There are also a more irregular, fainter, submarginal and antemedial dots.

Taxonomic note. Association with
Rhynchopalpus, and therefore now Manoba, as suggested by Holloway & Miller (1995), still appears to be the best placement for brunellus, though the facies is somewhat atypical, and the radial sector venation in the forewing has lost an additional vein. The male genitalia have the generic features, but the valves are narrower than typical, rather tongue-like, and the harpe is in a relatively basal position. The aedeagus vesica has a large terminal cornutus. The taxon achromia has male genitalia identical to those of typical brunellus, as does a syntype of corticella.

Geographical range. Indian Subregion, Taiwan (H. Inoue, pers. comm.), Ryukyu Is. (Inoue, 2001), Sundaland; Queensland, Bismarck Is. (ssp.
achromia); introduced to Hawaii to control introduced Melastoma (Holloway & Miller, 1995).

Habitat preference.
Records are from a variety of habitats, both forested and cultivated, from the coast to about 600m, but the species has only ever been taken in small numbers.

Biology. The larva feeds on Melastoma (Melastomataceae) including the fruits (unpublished IIE records; Holloway & Miller, 1995; Robinson et al., 2001). It does not stack head capsules.

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