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Xenochroa purpurea Hampson comb. n.
Carea purpurea Hampson, 1891, Illust. typical Specimens lepid. Heterocera Colln Br. Mus., 8: 59.
devia Hampson, 1912: 555, syn. n.
Carea infundibulata Warren, 1916, Novit. zool., 23: 225, syn. n.
Xenochroa devia Hampson; Kobes, 1997: 121.
Xenochroa infundibulata Warren; Kobes, 1997: 130.


Xenochroa purpurea

Xenochroa purpurea

The forewings are a dull orange red with a violet shade grading into dark red at the distal margin. There is a dark discal spot flanked by fine fasciae, the antemedial oblique, slightly sinuous, the postmedial more transverse but obtusely angled basad subcostally. The hindwings are paler orange-fawn, but also grade darker towards the margin.

Taxonomic note. All taxa brought into synonymy share a similar facies, albeit with some variations in shade and development of the forewing discal spot (see below), an unusually erect costal process to the valve and a relatively distal position to the small cluster of spines and ductus ejaculatorius in the aedeagus vesica. There is some regional variation in facies: purpurea has a dark forewing; devia has a pale one; infundibulata is intermediate with a more prominent discal spot. Kobes recorded both devia (one specimen only) and infundibulata from Sumatra, but his genitalia figures for both show the valve characteristic mentioned above.

Geographical range. S. India; N.E. Himalaya (ssp. devia); Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (ssp. infundibulata).

Habitat preference. Three specimens have been taken in dry heath forest and one in dipterocarp forest in the lowlands of Brunei. Singletons have been taken at 1000m (G. Mulu) and 1670m (Bukit Pagon) in montane forest.

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