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Calymera endophaea Hampson
Carea endophaea Hampson, 1905, An
n. Mag. nat. Hist. (7), 16: 596.
Carea endophaea Hampson; Holloway, 1976: 24.
Calymera endophaea Hampson; Kobes, 1997: 98.


Calymera endophaea

This and C. venusta Warren are somewhat similar in size and their dark purplish forewings, but endophaea has a grey discal mark and submarginal markings whereas venusta has a more ochreous discal spot and no submarginal marks. The hindwings are dark reddish brown in endophaea but white, grading dull purplish towards the margin in venusta.

Geographical range. Indian Subregion, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Bali, Philippines.

Habitat preference. During the Mulu survey single specimens were taken at 1000m and 1780m on G. Mulu and six at 900m on G. Api, and the species was taken in small numbers on G. Kinabalu at 1620m and 1930m. However, in Brunei a few individuals were taken in the lowlands in dry heath forest and coastal forest.

Biology. Bell (MS) described the life history in India. The larva has a typical careine shape, with a swollen, berry-like thorax and a slightly bifid, conical tubercle on A8. The colour is yellowish green, copiously blotched with dark green spots. A2 has a lateral black spot with a white speck in it and a blotchy brown streak extending posteriorly from it. There is a similar spot on A7 but without the white dot. The “berry” is shining and green.

The larva sits stretched out on the underside of mature leaves that it eats from the margins. The cocoon is as in Carea angulata, but formed on a leaf, stem or twig, so there is an exposed side with a slight peak over the anterior of the emergence slit.

Host plants recorded were Memecylon (Melastomataceae) and Eugenia (Myrtaceae).

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