SUBFAMILY ARIOLICINI
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Paracrama Moore

Type species: dulcissima Walker, Borneo.

The forewing facies is distinctive, though somewhat similar to that of Ariolica
lineolata Walker apart from the strong red border to the forewing. The forewing venation, however, has a strong areole with R5 arising from it and R2 just distally from (R3, R4). All hindwing veins are independent, though Rs and M1, and M3 and CuA1, are connate.

In the male abdomen, tymbal structures are barely evident, and the eighth segment has rather angular apodemes. In the genitalia, the aedeagus is robust, slightly tapering, with a narrower apical spine. The valves are rather careine in shape but lack a costal process. The saccular margin is somewhat differentiated from the rest of the valve and may terminate in a distal spine. The aedeagus is narrow, the vesica with a scattering of small cornuti.

The female has a long, narrow ductus that leads into a small, spherical bursa that lacks a signum.

The male genitalia show some resemblance to those of the Australasian genus Austrocarea Holloway, but those of the females do not; the ductus is short in Austrocarea and the bursa has two stellate signa opposite each other.

Two species of Paracrama are widespread and occur in Borneo; P. angulata Sugi occurs in Japan. The larval host-plants are mostly in the Malvales as are those known for Austrocarea (Holloway, 1977), though P. angulata has been reared from Ulmus (Ulmaceae) (Matsuura & Ueda, 1997; Murase, 1997; both illustrated).

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