View Image Gallery of Tribe Toxocampini

This tribe is perhaps more characteristic of more seasonal habitats, particularly savanna, in the tropics and semi-arid and Mediterranean climate areas at higher latitudes. Larval host plants are predominantly in the Leguminosae.

Included genera mostly contain rather uniformly dark, greyish brown moths with much darker patagia, giving them a blackish collar, giving them the English name of ‘Blacknecks’. The genitalia are characterised (M. Fibiger,
pers.comm.; but see also Fibiger, 2003: 29 [group 2b]) by simple but slight bilateral asymmetry in the valves and an inverted Y-shaped juxta in the male and a beaded signum (a scobinate band or bands) in the female, though this is not always present.

Two genera occur in the Indo-Australian tropics, but only one,
Pantydia Guenée, occurs in Borneo. The other, Tathorhynchus Lederer (subordinated to Lygephila Billberg as a subgenus by Fibiger (2003)), is pantropical, with a widespread Old World species, exsiccata Lederer, that extends as far as India, and an outlying species, fallax Swinhoe, in Australia that migrates east to Norfolk I. and New Zealand (Holloway, 1977, 1996; Hayes, 1980).

>>Forward <<Return to Content Page

Copyright © Southdene Sdn. Bhd. All rights reserved.