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Pangrapta pannosoides sp. n. 
Pangrapta pannosa Moore sensu Holloway, 1976: 39.


Pangrapta pannosoides

, 15-19mm. Externally, this species is indistinguishable from P. pannosa (Himalaya, Taiwan), the facies being distinguished under P. metagona above. However, the male and female genitalia are significantly different. The male (see note below) has the uncus more elongate, slender and apically spatulate. The valves have a straight, tapered distal process with a lateral spur, rather than a markedly coiled one, and a triangular process from the sacculus, rather than a slender, parallel-sited one. In both species the saccus is acute and the vesica has a cornutus basally, an asymmetric one on one long diverticulum and a group of short, robust spines on the other. In the female (compared with the holotype of duplicilinea Hampson), there are larger lateral lobes to the reduced seventh sternite, the posterior margin of which is much shorter, straight rather than concave. The lateral sclerotisation of the ductus is narrower but extends significantly into the corpus bursae.

Holotype . SABAH: Mt. Kinabalu, Park HQ., 1620m, vii-ix.1965, Cambridge Expedition to Mt. Kinabalu 1965 (H.J. Banks, H.S. Barlow & J.D. Holloway), BM noctuid slide 19253.

Paratypes: 1 (slide 9186), ; 6 (slide 19254) as holotype; 4, 4 general data as holotype but from Kundasan (1050m), Kiau Gap (1760m) and Power Station (1930m); 3 SARAWAK: Gunong Mulu Nat. Park, R.G.S. Exped. 1977-8 (J.D.Holloway et al.), Sites 3, (G. Mulu, Camp 4, 1780m [upper] rainforest), 14 (G. Mulu, Camp 2.5, 1000m, lower montane forest) and 26 (G. Api, Pinnacles, 1200m, montane scrub); 1 (slide 19267) Penrisen Mts, SARAWAK, v.’92 (A. Everett); 1 BORNEO: Sabah, Danum Valley, 5°41' N, 116° 58' E, 230.viii.1987, 1200m, (A.H. Kirk-Spriggs), stunted hill forest.

Taxonomic note. The BMNH syntype of pannosa from Darjeeling is a female that has lost its abdomen. A male from Sikkim (slide 15968) is taken here to represent pannosa, as syntypic material in MNHU, Berlin, has not been located. A male from Taiwan (slide 15962) has similar genitalia. The taxon griseistriga Bethune-Baker is a good species as discussed above under paragona. Hampson, in his original description of duplicilinea (currently a synonym of pannosa), referred to ‘Type’ in the singular and annotated as such the Sikkim specimen he referred to as female. His material from Borneo and Java, that Poole (1989) referred to erroneously as syntypic, is probably that treated under paragona above. A male from the Naga area, mistakenly labelled as the type of duplicilinea, is in fact metagona. A specimen from N. Thailand (slide 15969) may represent a third species in the pannosa complex, having a longer but only slightly sinuous distal process to the valve and a smaller, digitate one on the sacculus. A female from Peninsular Malaysia has genitalia (slide 19266) as in the holotype of duplicilinea.

Geographical range. Borneo, Java (slide 19268).

Habitat preference. The species is frequent from 1000m to 1930m.

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