species: luminosa Cramer, Java.
species in this genus have facies as illustrated here and described below. The
ocellate mark of the forewing has an unusual, whorled, shell-like structure,
that distinguishes it from similar markings in Erebus
covered elsewhere in this work, and the coiling is in reverse rotation to that
(see p. 125). The underside has somewhat different fasciation to Spirama
other Hypopyrini (p. 126), restricted more to the distal half of the wing and,
where fine, being zig-zag rather than straight. The hindwing has a prominent
discal spot and two or three widely spaced white ones associated with the
submarginal. The male antennae are filiform, smooth, and the forelegs are
densely tufted with scales. The labial palps are of the typical catocaline type.
male abdomen the eighth segment is unmodified. The uncus is short, broad,
lanceolate with lateral fringes of long setae. The valves are robust, broadly
based, distally divided into tapering processes, and may show bilateral
asymmetry. The juxta is of the inverted ‘V’ type, but the diaphragma is
lightly sclerotised within its angle. The aedeagus is long, slender, irregularly
spiralled, with a small vesica of several lobes.
female genitalia (luminosa) have the ostium near the anterior of the seventh
sternite which is smaller than the tergite but distally bilobed to form an
antevaginal plate similar to that of ophiusines of the Parallelia
(p. 53). It is flanked on each side by slender spines. The ductus is very
short but the corpus bursae is long and narrow with longitudinal corrugations,
and is sclerotised over the basal half.
species has been reared in Malaysia as described below.
genus contains an allopatric array of species that extends from the Himalaya to
New Guinea. In addition to the type species, there is fulvastra Guenée
in the Philippines, burrowsi Prout
in Seram, and undescribed species in Bali (slide 18702), Sulawesi (slide 18799).
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