Miscellaneous Genera III
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Hamodes Guenée

Type species: propitia Guérin-Méneville.

Synonym: Kalmina Swinhoe (type species ochracea Swinhoe, India = lutea Walker).

The facies is generally yellow, with strong, straight submarginal fasciae that are contiguous across the wings on each side and provide a base for an irregular darker shaded sector to the marginal area. Darker markings basal to the submarginals tend to be small, punctate or non-linear. The forewings are slightly falcate apically. The male antennae are fasciculate.

The male abdomen has a massive corematous structure within a broad ring on the eighth sternite that contains a flocculent mass of hairs. The tergite also has a slight distal corema within a transversely oval ring of sclerotisation that tapers basad to join the narrowly sclerotised anterior margin. In the genitalia, the uncus is simple; the type species has a scaphium, but not its Bornean congeners. The valves are elongate, rounded apically, centrally thickened, with a process arising within the valve from near the base of the costa; these processes show minor bilateral asymmetry. The costa extends an apodeme interiorly that forms a transtilla with its opposite number. The juxta is short, but H-shaped. The aedeagus vesica is convolute, but none of the diverticula is particularly long.

The female genitalia of the type species have the ostium within the seventh segment, flanked on each side by small pouches that contain numerous short hairs. The ductus is relatively short, the bursa an elongate pyriform with a basal bulge that gives rise to a slightly helical ductus seminalis. There is coarse scobination at the opening to this, and general rugosity elsewhere in the bursa. The ovipositor lobes are narrow, acute, with a longitudinal strip of darker sclerotisation as in the Catocalini (p. 38) and Catephiini (p. 84).

The biology of the type species is described below. The pupa has a bloom.

The genus is predominantly Oriental, with one species in Africa (Poole, 1989), but the placement of some of the species needs checking. Poole included as a valid species a taxon
H. crebrerrima Snellen from Java. The original description by Snellen is of a female, flagged by ‘(Brit. Mus.)’ and not as a new species as elsewhere in the same publication. The illustration suggests that the reference may merely be to Tochara creberrima Walker (see previous genus).

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