View Image Gallery of Tribe Hypocalini.

Hypocala deflorata Fabricius 
Hypocala deflorata Fabricius, 1794, Ent. Syst., 3 (2): 127.
Hypocala moorei Butler, 1892, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6), 10: 21.
Hypocala australiae Butler, 1892, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6), 10: 21.

Hypocala deflorata

. This and the next two species have a more broken array of yellow on the hindwing. The black border in deflorata has a more evenly curved inner margin and contains a more linear, less circular yellow mark within this at the actual margin; these features recur on the underside.

Taxonomic note. Holloway (1977) reviewed the taxonomy of the species and commented on its biogeography.

Geographical range. Africa, Indian Subregion, China, Borneo; Queensland, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Rotuma, Fiji, Samoa and vagrant to Norfolk I. and New Zealand (ssp. australiae).

Habitat preference. Only one Bornean specimen has been seen, taken at 1780m on G. Mulu.

Biology. The larva was described and illustrated by Moore (1884-1887; as ‘efflorescens’), and described by Gardner (1948a) and Bell (MS); the last indicated it was very similar to that of H. biarcuata Walker, a mainland Oriental species. The head is green with a black line on each side of the head. The body is also green, slightly bluish grey dorsally, this area bounded by three subdorsal, parallel, wavy white or yellow lines. There is a similarly triple band just above the spiracles and a narrow white band just below them. The area over the spiracles between these lines is suffused purplish or pink; this suffusion is more broken over anterior segments, and leads into a more definite supraspiracular black band that is contiguous with the one on the head, and extends ventrad to enclose the spiracles. The ventral surface is green. Variants may be more greyish white with a smoky or pinkish tinge, and the head may be more completely black.

The larvae live on the undersides of leaves which they form into a slight cell with silken webbing (also noted by Tominaga (2000) for young larvae of biarcuata). On disturbance, a larva will lift up its head slightly and extrude a green fluid from its mouth. Pupation is in the soil in a silken cell incorporating earth particles and debris.

The host plant is usually
Diospyros (Ebenaceae; including subgenus Maba), but other records (Comstock, 1966 (citing Hawaiian literature); Robinson et al., 2001) are from Pouteria (Sapotaceae).

<<Back >>Forward <<Return to Content Page

Copyright © Southdene Sdn. Bhd. All rights reserved.