The Episparis group of genera
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Egnasiaconifer Hampson 
Egnasia conifer Hampson, 1926, Descr. Gen. Spec. Noctuinae p. 578.


Diagnosis and taxonomic note. This species has both fore- and hindwings slightly angled at the centre of the distal margin, basically dark brown but fasciated and suffused with mauve. The forewing postmedial and submarginal run parallel from the dorsum to just subcostally where an angle in the postmedial causes them to diverge; at this point they whiten and enclose a trapezium of the dark ground colour that is based on the costa as in several other genera (see p. 14). This feature is not, however, typical of Egnasia. Fasciation on the underside is white on dull brown, with the whitish suffusion increasing strongly over the anterior half of the forewing to the costa. The hindwing postmedial and submarginal remain approximately equidistant over their length in the holotype of conifer but diverge from the dorsum to the costa in most Bornean specimens, with the postmedial often straight rather than obtusely kinked in places. The male segment is of the framed corematous type. The male genitalia are atypical of both Egnasia and Pangrapta Hübner, the latter of which the facies resembles to some extent. The valves are an elongate oval with a small spur directed dorsally subbasally, arising from the sacculus. The aedeagus is short, the vesica small, somewhat triangular, with a zone of scobination over its basal half.

Geographical range. Philippines, Borneo, Sumatra (HS / K), Thailand (VK).

Habitat preference. The species is infrequent in lowland forest, most specimens being from below 200m, though one was taken in the lower montane zone of G. Mulu at 1000m. The species was taken excusively in samples from the understorey, 22 individuals from undisturbed forest and two from logged forest, at 170m in the vicinity of the Danum Valley Field Centre (S.J. Willott, unpublished data).

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