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Calyptra minuticornis Guenée
Calpe minuticornis Guenée, 1852, Hist. nat. Insectes, Spec. gén. Lépid., 6: 374.
Calpe novaepommeraniae Strand, 1919, Arch. Naturgesch., 83A (10): 143.
Calpe minuticornis Guenée; Holloway, 1976: 38.

Calyptra minuticornis

Diagnosis. The forewing shape and facies are typical of the genus, the latter a slightly rippled brown-grey with transverse pale striae and an oblique darkwith-pale postmedial.

Geographical range. Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo; New Guinea, Bismarcks, Queensland (ssp. novaepommeraniae); Sulawesi, Timor (intermediate).

Habitat preference. Only two specimens have been taken in recent surveys: one in disturbed alluvial forest at Long Pala (70m) near G. Mulu and one at Kundasan (1110m), a zone of cultivation on the southern slopes of G. Kinabalu.

Biology. The larva was illustrated by Moore (1884-1887) and Common (1990), and described by Gardner (1947) and possibly by Bell (MS). It has an orange head and a mainly black body that is marked with yellowish white longitudinally with a strong dorsal band and weaker dorsolateral ones that incorporate a speckling of black except at their edges. The true legs and prolegs are a similar pale yellow, with yellow spots just dorsal to each, displaced posteriorly to the true legs and less markedly so for the prolegs. The prolegs on A3 are vestigial, the rest well developed. The larva has a semi-looping posture. Bell described the colour as olive-green with black banding and a row of yellow spots along the dorsolateral band. This may represent another of the very similar species discussed by Bänziger (1983). Moore (1884-1887) described the larva as olive-grey with a subdorsal row of black-bordered yellow spots and dots, and a sublateral row of small yellow spots that is set in a pinkish-bordered black band from A1 back; the head is ochreous yellow with a lateral black spot.

The host plants recorded by these authors and Robinson
et al. (2001) are Cissampelos, Cocculus, Cyclea and Stephania (Menispermaceae).

The adult is recorded as sucking mammalian blood in south-east Asia (Bänziger, 1986).

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