View Image Gallery of Subfamily Stictopterinae

Stictoptera cuculloides Guenée  
Stictoptera cucullioides
Guenée, 1852, Hist. nat. Insectes, Spec. gen. Lepid. 7: 52.
Steiria subobliqua Walker, 1857, List Specimens lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 13: 1136.
Steiria variabilis Moore, 1882, Descr. new Indian Lepid. Colln Atkinson, p. 164, syn. n.
Stictoptera timesia Swinhoe, 1893, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6), 12: 218, syn. n.
Stictoptera cucullioides Guenée; Holloway, 1976: 18.

Stictoptera cuculloides (4)

Stictoptera cuculloides (2)

Stictoptera cuculloides (5)

Stictoptera cuculloides (3)

Stictoptera cuculloides(1)

Distinction from signifera is discussed above. The range of forms is similar; in addition there is a form with an even grey () or cream () band that extends for the whole length and almost the complete width of the forewing (no. 1 & 2), and one with dorsal, tornal and apical pale brown or cream zones (no. 3) which extend to coalesce in extreme cases.

Geographical range. Indo-Australian tropics to the Bismarcks and Queensland; introduced to Hawaii.

Habitat preference. The species is much rarer than signifera in Borneo. It was taken infrequently from 1000 to 2100m on G. Kinabalu, commonest at 1900m. During the Mulu survey a singleton was taken in upper montane forest on G. Mulu and two specimens in each of the alluvial forest and low altitude limestone forest.

Biology. Bell (MS) described the larva. It is fat, slightly tumid at the posterior end and with a berry-shaped swelling over the anterior part of the abdomen and thoracic segments; the head is half the breadth of the body. The skin of the body is smooth, translucent, but the more or less round head is brown to red-brown. The body is light whitish green with white dorsolateral and supraspiracular lines between which there is light sinuous brown shading; such shading occurs all over the meso and metathoracic segments. A dark vinous brown dorsal line of variable width runs over the abdominal segments, flanked by yellow lines; there is bright, light orange between the yellow line and the dorsolateral line on the 8th abdominal segment. The first thoracic segment is mostly light orange.

Another batch of larvae on the same host (Mesua) were darker, especially the dorsal line which was blackish flanked by broadish dull white lines. A third batch (on Calophyllum) were more purplish in the dark areas but generally similarly marked. The length at maturity is approximately 30mm and the breadth 5mm.

The larvae tend to be found when their host-plant is in flush, especially when the leaves are yellow-white to pinkish. The larvae rest fully stretched on the undersides of the tender new leaves. They move actively from place to place, eating a little here and there. They turn pinkish before pupating, going down to the earth to make a fairly close-fitting dense cocoon of silk incorporating particles of earth and leaf litter near the surface. The pupa is attached lightly by the cremaster inside.

The species has also been reared from Garcinia (Sevastopulo, 1941; Mathur et al., 1954 - 1960; Beardsley, 1982; CIE records).

<<Back >>Forward <<Return to Contents page

Copyright © Southdene Sdn. Bhd. All rights reserved.