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Sarbanissa Walker

Type species: insocia Walker (N.E. Himalaya).

Synonym: Seudyra Stretch (type species transiens Walker).

is a relatively homogeneous, primarily Oriental genus of species with dark grey forewings patterned with white, brown, and violet in a reticulate manner, and showing characteristic noctuid features such as reniform and orbicular stigmata; these stigmata are usually large, and there is often a diffuse white bar distal to the reniform.

In the male genitalia the uncus is not elongated, and the scaphium is not heavily sclerotised. The valve is straplike with a corona and a relatively slender harpe that varies in position from relatively basal to being in the distal half of the valve.

The female genitalia are typical of the subfamily.

Bell (MS) reared S. albifascia Walker and S. venosa Moore in India and Sugi (1987) illustrated the larva of S. subflava Moore and S. venusta Leech. The larvae are mainly black with white, pale grey and orange irregular reticulations or broken lines, with long primary setae, often white, arising from tubercles or chalazae.

The larvae tend to live on the underside of the young leaves on which they feed. Pupation is in rotten wood or soil in a silken cocoon.

Host-plants noted (Miyata, 1983; Sugi, 1987; Bell, MS) within the genus are as follows: S. subflava Moore (Japan, China, Korea), Ampelopsis, Cayratia. Parthenocissus, Vitis (Vitaceae); S. albifascia Walker (India, China to Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra), Dillenia (Dilleniaceae), Leea (Leeaceae), S. venosa Moore (N.E. Himalaya), Vitis, (Vitaceae).

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