Macaria nora Walker, 1861, List Specimens
lepid Insects Colln
Br. Mus., 23: 934.
Semiothisa nora Walker; Holloway, 1976: 78.
Diagnosis. Both this and the next species are variegated black and dark grey with
broad white bands medially on each wing, and tinges of yellow on the hindwing
abdomen and basal zone of the undersurface of both wings. In fluidata the
wing margins are more rounded, there is grey just interior to the hindwing
postmedial next to the white band in a wedge that expands towards the costa, and
the more anterior black patch in the submarginal zone of the hindwing is
significantly larger than the more posterior one rather than vice versa. The
forewing postmedial in fluidata is less acutely angled.
Taxonomic notes. The complex to which nora and fluidata belong was reviewed
by Holloway (1982).
Geographical range. N. India, S.E. Asia and probably throughout Sundaland.
Habitat preference. The species has been recorded from the lowlands to
1930m. During the Mulu survey it was only taken in the lowlands around the W.
Melinau Gorge in alluvial and kerangas forests, and also dipterocarp forest on
limestone. The montane records were from G. Kinabalu and Bukit Retak in Brunei.
Biology. Bell (MS) reared nora and two other species (eleonora Stoll
and honoria Hampson) of the group in S. India. The larva of nora is
the same green on the underside of the leaves of its host-plant, banded
longitudinally with a suffusion of light, dull yellow. The spiracle of T1 is
conspicuously jet black. The larva of eleonora has purplish lines, and
that of honoria generally greyer with a lavender tinge.
All were recorded from a large, thorny, climbing Acacia (Leguminosae).
Male adults in this species group have been recorded feeding from
mammalian body fluids (Bänziger, 1988).
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