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Catoria Moore

Type species: sublavaria Guenée.

Prout (1929a) reviewed this genus and presented full synonymies.

The male antennae appear strongly bipectinate to three-quarters but are in fact quadripectinate, with distal and proximal branches of adjacent segments closely associated (D. Stüning, in litt.). The facies is distinctive with rather punctate grey brown fasciation and speckling on a whitish ground. The discal spots on the upperside are prominent, that on the hindwing particularly strong, often obliquely elliptical. On the underside the discal spots are larger than on the upperside, that of the forewing larger than that of the hindwing, obliquely reniform. There is a setal comb on sternite 3 of the male.

The principal diagnostic features are in the male genitilia. The uncus is vestigial or absent, but the tegumen may be expanded vertically. There is a crest of fine spatulate scales or of spines. The valve is narrowed, with ornamentation from the ventral edge of the costal margin, a lobe or digitate process with enlarged setae. The distal part of the sacculus is enlarged, sclerotised, complex, usually acute, obtusely bifid. The aedeagus vesica is usually ornamented with anything between general spining (sublavaria) to a single large process (tamsi - apparently several cornuti fused together); C. proicyrta Prout lacks cornuti.

In the female genitalia (sublavaria), the sterigma is broadly bilobed, the ductus short; the basal half of the bursa is narrow, cylindrical, fluted, the distal half asymmetrically globular, lacking a signum.

The early stages of the type species are described below. The pupal cremaster is typical of the Boarmiini complex, the apex minutely bifid, each fork bearing setae (Bell, MS). Bigger (1988) described the larva of the Solomons endemic, C. parva, as having a shiny metallic blue-black body and an orange head. The host plant was Campnosperma (Anacardiaceae).

The genus is widely distributed in the Indo-Australian tropics. Many species are also geographically widespread, and three out of the four in Borneo are found in a range of habitats. Neotropical taxa currently in Catoria are misplaced (Prout, 1929a).

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