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Abraxas Leach

Type species: grossulariata Linnaeus.

Synonyms: Calospilos Hübner (type species ulmata Fabricius = sylvata Scopoli, Europe); Chooreechillum Lucas (type species distitans Lucas = flavimacula Warren, Queensland); Dextridens Wehrli (type species sinopicaria Wehrli, China); Isostictia Wehrli (type species picaria Moore, India); Mesohypoleuca Wehrli (type species metamorpha Warren, Sikkim); Omophyseta Warren (type species triseriaria Herrich-Schäffer, Java); Potera Moore (type species marginata Moore = triseriaria, Burma); Rhabdotaedoeagus Wehrli (type species martaria Guenée, India); Silabraxas Swinhoe (type species lobata Hampson = capitata Warren, India); Spilota Hübner (praeocc.; type species grossulariata); Spinuncus Wehrli (type species celidota Wehrli, W, China); Trimeresia Wehrli (type species miranda Butler, Japan); Zerene Treitschke (praeocc.; type species grossulariata); Diceratodesia Wehrli (type species pusilla Butler, India).

The principal features of the gnathus are given in the introduction to the tribe. The tympanic cavi are relatively small, particularly in subgenus Calospilos. Inoue (1970, 1972, 1984) has reviewed a major part of this largely Oriental genus, and has recognised only two subgenera, treating Wehrli's subgeneric categories mostly as species groups. Most of subgenus Abraxas have a fairly punctate, delicate pattern, lack a strong inner marginal blotch on the forewing, have the uncus arising from a broad basal plate and have the gnathus present as a ring. In subgenus Calospilos the wing pattern is strong, blotchy, with a strong inner marginal blotch, the uncus is narrow or laterally membranous at the base and apically bulbous, and the gnathus is absent. The three Bornean species belong to the latter, as do probably all Indo-Australian taxa from Sundaland eastwards. Those dissected appear to have remarkably uniform male genitalic morphology in comparison with those illustrated in the publications of Inoue.

The larvae are conspicuous, banded longitudinally with yellow, white and black, or more irregularly patterned in the same colours (e.g. as illustrated in Sugi (1987)).

A wide range of host-plants has been recorded in Japan (Sato & Nakajima, 1975), from the families Caprifoliaceae, Celastraceae, Ericaceae, Fagaceae, Oleaceae, Pinaceae and Salicaceae. The Bornean species have not been reared.

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