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Pseudonirmides sola Swinhoe comb. n.  
Miresa sola Swinhoe, 1901, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 7:464.
Nirmides luzonensis
Hering, 1931: 702, syn. n.
Miresa sola Swinhoe; Hering, 1931: 683.

Pseudonirmides sola


Pseudonirmides sola in the Philippines
(M.J.W. Cock)

The species resembles those of Nirmides in forewing markings, but is dark brown to black.

Geographical range. Borneo, Philippines, N. Sulawesi.

Habitat preference. During the Mulu survey the species was only taken from lowland alluvial forest. In Brunei it has been taken infrequently in swamp forest and mangrove.

Biology. The larva (Mindanao, Philippines) is very different in ornamentation from those of the Parasa and Thosea groups. It is broadest centrally, half as broad as long, with the lateral scoli two thirds as long as the animal is broad, slender, tapering, colourless and translucent. The dorsolaterals are absent apart from those on T2 (long, tinged crimson) T3, A8 (short, yellow) and A9 (long, yellow). The flanks above the laterals are indented with oblique, angular corrugations, the grooves of which alternate with much narrower grooves across the dorsum. The colour is yellowish-green, bluer at the bases of the laterals and in a broad band along the dorsum. This band is flanked by zig-zag yellow bands of half the width that run between the short dorsolaterals; the bands splay anteriorly to pass as ridges to the outside of the longer crimson dorsolaterals. There is a blue crescent on each side of the dorsal green band, set within the yellow bands, recurring on each segment between the deep transverse grooves mentioned above and a smaller crease just posterior to each. It is illustrated in above.

The cocoon is striking, being pale yellow with red tracery and almost spherical.

The host-plant recorded in the Philippines was Cocos, and the larva was reared and photographed by Dr M.J.W. Cock.

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