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Protuliocnemis biplagiata Moore comb. n.  
Comibaena biplagiata
Moore, 1887, Lepid. Ceylon 3: 435.
Uliocnemis elegans Warren, 1899, Novit. zool. 6: 28.
Uliocnemis subornataria Rothschild, 1915, Novit. zool. 22: 219.
Uliocnemis elegans unidentata Prout, 1916, Novit. zool. 23: 204.
Uliocnemis coramicaria Oberthür, U. rookaria Oberthür, 1916, Etude lep. comp. 12:106.
Uliocnemis elegans negligens Prout, 1925, Novit. zool. 32: 32.
Uliocnemis biplagiata reducta Holloway, 1979: 283.

Protuliocnemis biplagiata

Protuliocnemis biplagiata

In facies and genitalia this and P. castalaria Oberthür are virtually indistinguishable. They have the brown marginal markings narrower than in partita and lacking the white apical inclusion on the hindwing apex seen in helpsi. They are also smaller. The two can only reliably be separated on a character of the hind tibia: there are four spurs in biplagiata but only two in P. castalaria (Prout, 1933, Gross-Schmett. Erde 12: 88). P. castalaria occurs in Bali (ssp. lepturges Prout) and might be present in Borneo. Unfortunately the specimens from Bundu Tuhan (see below) have lost their hind legs.

Geographical range. Indo-Australian tropics east to New Caledonia, but not Solomons and Vanuatu (P. woodfordi Warren comb. n.).

Habitat preference. Most records are from lowland forest, including several from dry heath forest at Telisai in Brunei, but two were taken in a cultivated area at 1200m on the slopes of G. Kinabalu (Bundu Tuhan) and one from 1618m on Bukit Retak, Brunei.

Biology. Prout (1933 as above) described the larva as yellowish drab with paired fleshy processes on the body segments to which are attached fragments of vegetable detritus. A host-plant recorded in New Guinea was Acacia (Leguminosae), the larva being a defoliator (unpublished IIE records).

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