Inoue, 1992: 157.
Walker; Holloway, 1976: 61.
Diagnosis. This is the biggest species of the three, distinguished by strong
dark postmedials on the underside and by extensive white marking between and
including the more crenulate postmedials and submarginals on the upperside, this
is lacking in the next two species where some greyish suffusion may occur in the
forewing medial zone.
Taxonomic notes. The male genitalia (M.D. Sommerer, pers. comm.) of malayanus
and reciprocata are very similar so the specific status of malayanus
is questionable. Inoue noted less falcate forewings, more extensive white
marking on the upperside and a broader blackish postmedial band on the
underside. The colliculum of the female genitalia is more produced, deeply
Geographical range. Peninsular
Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.
Habitat preference. Two
females have been taken on G. Kinabalu, at 1620m and 1930m (Holloway, 1976).
Biology. The type taxon, confuciaria,
is regarded as a subspecies of reciprocata and related to malayanus.
Its host-plant in Japan is Quercus (Fagaceae), as indicated above.
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