verhuelli Vollenhoven 1858, Tijdschr. Ent.,
Mag. nat. Hist. (5), 11: 426.
enganensis Swinhoe, 1904, Ibid. (7),
The forewings are greyer than in the previous two species and the reniform is
more sinuous. The hindwings are distinctive, black with a large pink and white
patch at the tornus.
note. This species is one of a mostly allopatric sequence with very
similar facies and male genitalia that extends from the Indian Subregion to
Australia and New Caledonia. They are best distinguished on the disposition of
coral red and white markings on the hindwing as follows: P.
from the Indian Subregion, Thailand and the Andamans, with a red circle at the
dorsum that is centred diffusely with white to a variable degree; P.
above, with the white area larger and displaced inwards from and adjacent to the
red on the dorsum; P. conspicillator Cramer (= inspicillator
from the S. Moluccas, New Guinea and Sulawesi, with the dorsum all red and with
white at the apex; P. imperialis Druce (= papuana
from New Guinea, Queensland, the Bismarcks, Solomons, Vanuatu and New Caledonia,
with the red a more central band and a variable development of diffuse white
marginal patches. This arrangement departs somewhat from that in Poole (1989),
which excluded maligera Butler
mon. Mag. 20:
138). The synonymy of imperialis is as in Nielsen et al. (1996).
range. Sundaland, S. Burma (Tenasserim), Philippines.
preference. In recent surveys singletons have been taken at 300m in lowland
forest near Tawau in Sabah, and at 1618m on Bukit Retak in Brunei. Older
material is from Mt. Dulit and Labuan I.
<<Return to Content Page