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Buzara Walker

Type species: chrysomela Walker, New Guinea.

Synonym: Caranilla Moore (type species onelia Guenée, Bangladesh);

This and the next three genera are segregates from the old concept of Parallelia recognised by Holloway & Miller (2003). Some authors (e.g. Poole, 1989; Kobes, 1992) placed many of these in Dysgonia Hübner, but Holloway & Miller reverted to the stricter definition of this genus proposed by Berio (1955). Though species of Dysgonia are known from mainland Asia, Sumatra and possibly Australia, none has been recorded from Borneo.

Oriental species of
Buzara are rather drab, uniform brown, with weak, rather irregular, wavy fasciation on the forewing. However, there is an Australasian group that has black forewings, with a transverse, white medial bar and a rufous thorax, and a New Guinea pair, including the type species of Buzara, that is black with bright yellow markings and, in the male, a reduced and modified hindwing.

The genus has very uniform structure of the male genitalia, however. The uncus is straight, without a superuncus, but has small triangular processes or flaps on each side at its base. The tegumen has a lateral process on the right. The valve coremata are double, and the costal and saccular processes unite across the base of the valve and show bilateral asymmetry, those on the left being reduced (see also
Grammodes Guenée on p. 70). The aedeagus is short, straight, with the ductus ejaculatorius subbasal at one third; the everted vesica is at right-angles to the aedeagus.

In the female genitalia the antevaginal plate is narrow, bilobed distally. The corpus bursae is somewhat convolute, with areas of sclerotisation that bear short, broad spines.

All larval host records are from Euphorbiaceae. The only larval description located (see below) suggests the genus may not have subdorsal tubercles on A8.

The larva of a species in the
onelia complex (see below) was described by Bell (MS), and one was also described and illustrated by Moore (1884-1887). These serve to identify possible generic characteristics. Prolegs on A3 and A4 are absent, and there are no tubercles on A8. The first feature is seen in Bastilla simillima Guenée, but this is unusual for that genus, and the second feature is distinctive amongst members of the Parallelia Hübner generic complex as defined by Holloway & Miller (2003), though seen also in Grammodes Guenée. Both descriptions have the larva pale bluish grey with a pale yellow-green suffusion in and below the spiracular region. The primary setae are based on large black spots, and there are also black spots ventrally. There are orange spots or tints on A1 and A5. The pupa has a bluish white powdery bloom.

Host plant records for the genus are all from genera in the Euphorbiaceae (Holloway & Miller, 2003):
Breynia, Phyllanthus and Sauropus.

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