species: feducia Stoll (= itynx Fabricius),
type locality stated to be Surinam, probably in error [Indian Subregion].
(type species: spectans Guenée,
genus has been partially reviewed by Holloway (1979) for the southwest Pacific
fauna, and by Zilli (2002) more generally, the latter providing a checklist.
Further details of the genus will be found in Zilli, Holloway & Hogenes
facies is characteristic, the fore- and hindwings being similarly patterned (the
forewing is more fasciated over the basal half) with irregular, rather zig-zag
paler and darker fasciae in shades of brown, often with a vinous tint. The
forewing postmedial is strongly looped, reversing on itself in the discal area
in somewhat similar but not identical manner to that seen in the Anomis
complex or in Platyja Hübner (see p. 14). This looping forms a strong
‘3’ shape (right wing) and is often blacker in the discal area, the cavities
usually being filled with a dull dark blue, and may have white flecks in the
more posterior cavity. The hindwing has a small submarginal black patch
continuing a white dot in the space posterior to CuA2 in many species; this also
occurs on the underside, where there are more regular dark fasciae in the
postmedial position. That of the hindwing is intensified interior to the
submarginal spot and in the M1/M2 interspace (some Avatha
this fascia emphasised in the same positions). The male antennae are ciliate,
and the labial palps are typically catocaline. The tibiae of the male legs are
crested with scales.
abdomen has the eighth segment unmodified. The genitalia have the uncus apex of
the ball-and-claw type, compressed so the cleft is narrow and it appears
beak-like. There is a strong scaphium. The juxta is of the inverted ‘Y’
type. The valves are spatulate or broadened distal to a variably double process
at the apex of the sacculus. The aedeagus is slender and the vesica has several
slender diverticula, sometimes with extensive reversed spining; the vesica is
broader and more finely scobinate in; S. mutabilis Fabricius,
which also has a less well developed and more irregular forewing loop.
female genitalia, the seventh sternite is variable but strongly reduced, often
narrow, and usually has a bilobed antevaginal plate that covers the ostium. The
ductus is relatively short, a sclerotised tube that joins the base of the bursa
asymmetrically. Near the base there is a very short appendix bursae that tapers
into the ductus seminalis. The bursa is elongate, with fields of closely spaced
small spicules, usually most pronounced subbasally, where they may form a swirl
or involve longitudinal ridges. The spicules may also intensify to a much lesser
host record located is from the Leguminosae; the related Australian genus Dasypodia
feeds on this family (Common, 1990). Adults of species in both genera have been
noted to enter caves and buildings (Holloway, 1979; Common, 1990; Sugi, 1996b),
and both are migratory, reaching Norfolk I. from Australia (Holloway, 1996).
Oriental literature contains many references to Speiredonia
this is in fact Spirama retorta Clerck (p. 125; and see Nye (1975: 455)),
as Speiredonia was applied to that genus until late in the last
century, with the species discussed here assigned to Sericia.
It is possible that the type species itynx (Indian Subregion, Java, Palawan, Sulawesi, Moluccas; Figs 137,
138, 140) will prove to occur in Borneo, as it is found in areas to the
immediate north and south. It is like a small S.
but the male genitalia have a valve more as ibanorum Zilli
& Holloway, with a more paddle-like apical portion and less elongate
processes to the bifid saccular apex; the aedeagus vesica has a row of reversed
spines along the most elongate diverticulum rather than an apical patch on a
short central one. The female genitalia have a much broader, antevaginal plate,
a more elongate ductus and a slighter bursa (see also Zilli, Holloway &
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