FAMILY LIMACODIDAE
View Image Gallery of Family Limacodidae

Scopelodes Westwood

Type species: unicolor Westwood
Species of this genus are large, robust, with the elongation of the third palp segment at its most extreme, as is also the development of the brush of scales on it. The legs are also terminally brush-like.

The abdomen and at least the dorsum of the hindwings are yellow, the former often with transverse black bands dorsally. The forewings are uniform, an impression of pattern being given by variation in the orientation and therefore reflectiveness of the scales in certain areas.

The male genitalia are in most species typical of the limacodid ground plan, but in one group the gnathus is slightly or deeply bifid and the juxta is dorsally spined, or broadly bifid, the two sectors splayed out just over 90 degrees and apically spined. The situation is most extreme in pallivittata Snellen where the valve shape is also modified.

In the female the bursa is bisignate, the signa well separated, but the ductus is unspiralled, relatively short. The dorsal posterior margin of the eighth segment is broad, scobinate, overlapping the ovipositor lobes (most extremely in pallivittata).

The larvae of most species are very deep (higher than broad) with complete, even sized rows of tubercles, the laterals laterally directed, the dorsolaterals directed vertically or somewhat backwards (Horsfield & Moore 1859; Moore 1882-4; Piepers & Snellen 1900).

Bell (MS) described the larva of S. venosa Walker as semiovoid, flat dorsally, yellowish green with complete rows of tubercles, dark-green-edged, diamond-shaped markings on the dorsum at each segment margin, and black lines on most lateral connecting ridges that run across each segment connecting the tubercles, that on A6 being invested with vermilion and yellow. The tip of lateral tubercle A8 is jet black, the rest green.

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